Karunakaran Prasanna, Chitra, Preetha Kizhakkekara Vannadil, and Vikas Pattath Ayyappan. ‘Wetland Conservation and Sustainable Development in Kerala, India’. In Life on Land, edited by Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, and Tony Wall. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Cham: Springer International Publishing. Published ahead of print, 17 June 2020.
Abstract: The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat held at Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, defines wetlands as areas that are marshy, fen, peatland, or water. Wetlands in India encompassing both natural and human-made inland and coastal wetlands add up to 757,060.
Kerala has a rich biophysical system due to the presence of three biodiversity rich ecosystems: the tropical rainforest, the coastal marine coral reefs, and the coastal brackish water and freshwater wetlands. It has 160,590 Ha of wetlands, including both inland and coastal wetlands, and is key for wetland conservation because it includes three large wetlands that are Ramsar sites—Vembanad, Ashtamudi, and Sasthamkotta.
Kerala saw its inland wetland area considerably reduced in the past decades. Pressure on natural resources and on wetlands in particular has increased over the last few decades due to increasing industrialisation, urbanisation, and the lack of environmental considerations in development projects.
Protection of wetlands can contribute to the achievement of nearly all the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), whether it is eradication of poverty, water and food security, combating climate change, or development of inclusive and sustainable human settlements. In Kerala, this could be attained by integrating wetland conservation goals into the SDG planning process and the State sectoral policies.
More info: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71065-5_115-1
Reposted from Kerala Scholars eGroup
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